Sarin (GB) 1938

Sarin was the second nerve gas classified as toxic poison, and it was discovered in 1938, by a group of German scientists, while they were attempting to create a pesticide stronger than Triton83. The new agent was named in honour of its discoverers: Schrader, Ambros, Gerhard Ritter, and von der Linde.

Nitrogen Mustard (HNs) 1930’s

Nitrogen mustards were first synthesised in the 1930s as potential chemical warfare weapons, to have greater systemic toxicity than sulphur mustard. American and German defence organisations started military production in 1941 and 1943.

Lewisite (L) 1917

Julius Arhur Nieuwland, a Belgian-born Holy Cross priest and professor of chemistry and botany, made the first known synthesis of acetylene and arsenic trichloride in 1904, during his PhD studies, while conducting a research on acetylene, looking for a solution to synthetic rubber.

Cyanogen Chloride (CK) 1916

Cyanogen chlorine was synthesized for the first time in 1802 by the French chemist Claude Louis Berthollet, although the correct chemical format was established by his compatriot Louis-Joseph Gay-Lussac in 1815. Cyanides have been used for their toxic potential since ancient Roman times.

The Operator Whisperer

Never say never! I learned this because when I was in general upper secondary school, I said that I will never become a teacher. And guess what happened? I have been an instructor, coach, trainer, training officer, educator, training manager, and home-teacher. So, what have I learned since 1994? Was I born and raised as a trainer?